Trichology is the science of the structure, function and diseases of the human hair. Clinical trichology is the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the human hair and scalp. See below, reasons to consult a Trichologist:
Problems of the scalp
Hair texture problems
Hair loss can cause great anxiety and distress, there are many misunderstandings about its causes and treatments, with few clinical practitioners who specialise in hair and scalp conditions, a Trichologist is unique in the fact that their entire specialism focuses solely on the hair and scalp.
Problems of the scalp
Problems of the scalp range from dandruff to more inflammatory conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis and Psoriasis. A Trichologist will not only accurately diagnose your condition but is well placed to advise on treatment shampoos and Trichological treatments that will help you to manage the condition very effectively. There are a number of factors such as stress, diet, allergies, family inheritance and medications that can lead to scalp problems and a Trichologist is well placed to identify the triggers and causes to provide holistic advice to you.
Common Causes of Scalp Inflammation
Inflammation on the scalp can be in form of a
flaky scalp, itching, discomfort or tenderness, redness, hair loss, and
reactions on the scalp
care products are frequently used to enhance the appearance and promote the
health of hair and scalp. Numerous active and inactive substances found in hair
and scalp care products have the potential to aggravate skin or create an
allergic reaction. The most significant allergens that cause contact allergies
to the scalp are present in products such as topical applications, bleaches and
dyes, shampoos and conditioners, relaxers and straighteners among many other
hair products. Contact dermatitis is the term used to describe these allergic
reactions to the skin and scalp. The two types of contact dermatitis are
allergic and irritant contact dermatitis.
This is the most prevalent type
of contact dermatitis. Skin reaction happens when an irritant such as a
chemical product encounters the skin, damaging the epidermis – the outermost
layer of your skin causing a rather painful rash on the affected area. Hair
care products such as some hair dyes or harsh detergents in cosmetic products
can cause reactions in some people after just one exposure. Other irritants may
cause reactions after repeated exposure It is important to always have a skin allergy
test prior to any chemical treatments on the hair or scalp.
When an allergen—a substance to
which you are sensitive—provokes an immunological response in your skin, it
might result in allergic contact dermatitis. Frequently, only the area in
contact with the allergen is affected. Preservatives found in hair care
products and fragrances in cosmetic products are examples of common allergens.
An itchy, red rash may appear several days following exposure.
The hypersensitive reaction
brought on by allergen or irritant contact on the scalp results in a cascade of
interactions between inflammatory immune cells. As a result, these
immunological reactions cause inflammation, which may be characterised by
hives, itching, redness, burning, peeling, pain, or sensitivity on the scalp.
the immune system mistakenly targets normal body cells as foreign entities,
autoimmune-mediated conditions result. In other words, a malfunction in the
acquired immune system causes the immune system to attack healthy cells.
Autoimmune disorders affecting the scalp lead to an inflammatory response in
the hair follicles and the tissues in its environment. The inflammation may
lead to damage to the hair follicles and cause different types of hair loss and
scalp ailments. In other instances, the inflammation may cause an alteration in
the hair growth cycle. When this happens the hair follicle is not destroyed but
ceases to produce hair for a while leading to patches of bald spots on the scalp or on any other area of the skin with hair follicles.
An invasion of the scalp by
harmful microorganisms is referred to as an infection. Pathogens include
bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. Our immune system serves as a strong defence
against infectious diseases. However, pathogens can occasionally outnumber the
immune system’s capacity to combat them resulting in negative inflammation and
culmination of disease.
Scalp inflammation is an immune
system reaction that can be brought on by a number of factors, including
infection, autoimmune reactions, stress and allergic reactions. These elements may cause sudden(acute) or
ongoing(chronic) inflammatory reactions on the scalp. Inflammation makes the
scalp environment unconducive for the hair cells to thrive, which can result in
hair loss or scalp problems. Are you experiencing persistent scalp itching, a nagging pain, a sensitivity, flaking or
swelling? It could be a sign of scalp inflammation. Visit a trichologist for a thorough scalp analysis
and possible treatment.
Hair texture problems
Not all hair loss stems from the follicle, it can be caused by environmental and mechanical factors due to; over exposure to heat or strong chemicals, or by many of the other stresses and strains to which we subject our hair, causing breakage throughout the mid-lengths and ends. A Trichologists’ study overlaps both the medical and the cosmetic in areas not normally covered by either doctors or hairdressers.
Where appropriate, I can give advice to clients wishing to be referred to hair transplant surgeons, microneedling, PRP therapy and scalp micropigmentation specialists.